Improving Motorcoach Safety

By Debbie Hersman

Today, the NTSB announced that it will hold a Board meeting on June 5 to determine the probable cause of the March 12, 2011, bus crash on I-95 in the Bronx.

This accident happened early in the morning when the bus was returning to New York City from a Connecticut casino. It departed the travel lanes to the right, crossed over a paved shoulder, and struck a roadside barrier. The bus then traveled nearly 500 feet while rolling over until colliding with a highway signpost. The impact drove the pole through the bus’s windshield, severing the roof panel from the body for nearly the length of the bus. Fifteen people were killed and 18 more were injured.

In the United States, buses carry about 750 million passengers safely each year. That’s more passengers than the U.S. airlines. Although buses are one of the safest forms of intercity transportation, terrible accidents occasionally happen, which is why bus occupant safety is one of the 10 items on the NTSB’s Most Wanted List. For some time now, we have called on the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to find ways to keep bus passengers safer. Our recommendations include developing standards to increase window glazing and roof strength, improving seating compartments to keep passengers protected and in their seats, and improving window emergency exits on buses.

We continue to be a nation on the move and our challenge is to implement more initiatives to improve bus travel to reach our common goal that everyone gets where they’re going — safely.

“iPads on Wheels”

By Debbie Hersman

 Apple introduced its new iPad yesterday and as you would expect it got a lot of attention. With our fast-paced lives, tablets, cell phones, smartphones, and more help us keep connected.

 There’s no wonder that so many people depend on them. And, there’s no wonder that industry is climbing onto the convenience and connectivity bandwagon, in particular car manufacturers, which are, as automotive writers have described it, turning cars into virtual “iPads on wheels.”

 Dominique Bonte, group director of telematics and navigation at ABI Research, a technology consulting firm predicts, “Within five years, 90 percent of new cars will ship with connected car features.”

 At the NTSB, we’ve investigated distracted-related accidents across all modes of transportation, but the place where distraction can be the deadliest is on our roadways. Previously, the norm was an attentive driver with occasional distractions.

 Now, distractions are competing fulltime for the driver’s attention. It’s time to take a careful and close look at how distractions affect driving and focus on measures that promote attentive driving.

 This is why the NTSB is holding a forum on “Attentive Driving: Countermeasures for Distraction.” It’s on March 27 and starts at 8:30 eastern time. For more information, go to  The forum is free and open to the public and will be webcast on  I look forward to an informative and provocative discussion.

Spring Forward — and Fall Back on Transportation Safety

By Mark Rosekind

This Sunday, we turn our clocks ahead and collectively as a nation each lose an hour of sleep. In this one night, we’ll generate a 300 million-hour national sleep debt and accumulate over a billion hours of lost sleep during the adjustment to daylight savings time. And as a consequence, on the Monday following the time change, there will be a 17 percent increase in roadway accidents.

In transportation, sleep loss kills, injures, and costs billions of dollars.

National Sleep Awareness Week, March 5 through 11, highlights the tragedies that can result from fatigue and operating vehicles. Poor judgment, lack of situational awareness, and slowed responses are just some of the consequences of not getting enough sleep.

The hour we lose when clocks are set forward each spring offers our already sleep-deprived country a mere glimpse into the bigger picture of operating vehicles while fatigued. Every year, an estimated one million highway crashes are likely fatigue-related and result in loss of life and injuries in the thousands.

Last week, the National Sleep Foundation (NSF) released its annual Sleep in America® poll and the results are staggering. When it comes to the people America relies on to transport us safely, a significant number say that sleepiness has caused safety problems on the job. One in five pilots admits that to making a serious error while flying. One in six train operators and truck drivers report having had a “near miss” due to sleepiness.

These NSF findings are consistent with decades of investigations performed by the NTSB. The NTSB has identified fatigue in accidents across all modes of transportation and has made about 200 safety recommendations on fatigue. For this reason, fatigue has been on the NTSB’s Most Wanted List of transportation safety improvements for 22 years. But, are we any safer?

The societal wakeup call is just beginning to be answered. For example, fewer than two months ago, new federal regulations for pilots and commercial truck drivers were issued. While representing the most significant changes in more than 70 years, the rules in these two areas do not go far enough.

The sad fact is that for all the information we have on the perils of fatigue, America still accepts — even glamorizes — pushing the sleep envelope. Yet, when it comes to operating any kind of vehicle, fatigue can be deadly and reducing these risks is everyone’s responsibility: companies, government, individual operators, and travel consumers.

This year, when we all spring forward, lose an hour in some other part of your life. Get the sleep you need and then maintain that sleep amount throughout the year. Your life and lives around you depend on it.

Mark R. Rosekind, Ph.D. was sworn in as a Member of the National Transportation Safety Board on June 30, 2010. He is a frequent contributor to the NTSB blog.